How to write a case series abstract

Far from a "second-class" publication, many original observations are first presented as case reports. Like scientific abstracts, the case report abstract is governed by rules that dictate its format and length. This article will outline the features of a well-written case report abstract and provide an example to emphasize the main features.

How to write a case series abstract

CLS Bank has had a dramatic impact on the allowability of computer implemented inventions. This second article in our series explores the dynamics of that impact on the e-commerce arts. Our first article [1] showed that in the finance arts e. A similar but more complicated impact was felt in e-commerce.

Allowances per month immediately dropped but then recovered only to drop again. We will present an analysis of what is being allowed today as a guide to practitioners filing applications in this field.

Art Unit Organization by Subclasses E-Commerce patents fall under the general category of business methods and are examined in work groups and The old US patent classifications are referenced because they are still used to assign applications to art units.

The primary class of e-commerce and business method patents is class Interestingly, a significant minority of applications in these art units are not classified as applications. Work groups and act as parallel work groups with matching individual art units handling applications in the same e-commerce subclasses.

How to Write Guide: Sections of the Paper

The applications are assigned roughly equally to the matching art units as they come in from the classification contractor [4]. Each of these majority subclasses is examined in one or more of its own art units that specializes in that subclass. The allowances per month have actually increased in the primary examining art unit [5].

The impact of Alice in the other technology subclasses falls somewhere in between cryptography and health care management. The graph covers the time period of January pre Alice to September Data was obtained using PatentAdvisor [6]. This is similar to what happened in the finance arts work group Examiners have related to me that there was a tremendous urgency on the part of USPTO management to implement the Alice decision as soon as possible.

This was in sharp contrast to how management reacted to the Bilski decision in The drop in allowances per month was followed by a rise in allowances per month coinciding with the first comprehensive guidance given to examiners in December of It looked like examiners and applicants were able to use the guidance to find common ground.

Unfortunately the allowances per month again dropped a few months later and settled back down to the same low level that was seen immediate after Alice.

The window of allowability that had opened was closed. The abandons per month grew steadily after Alice but appear to have recently gone down.

Abandons per month are still very high, however, relative to allowances per month. Figure 1 also shows the notices of appeal filed per month. The notices of appeal per month dropped after Alice, rose in and have since fallen back to about their pre Alice level.

Most notices of appeal have been briefed and are proceeding to the PTAB.

how to write a case series abstract

Allowance recalls Management urgency in implementing the Alice decision is reflected in the large number of allowances that were reviewed and immediately withdrawn in July and August of This immediate recall of allowances is similar to what happened in work group This is illustrated in figure 2 below.

Figure 2 Figure 2 shows all allowances that have been mailed between January of and September of The allowances that were recalled in July and August of are shown in red based on the mailing date of the notice of allowance, not recall date. The allowances that have been withdrawn in the ongoing recalls are shown in black outlined by red.

Allowances that have issued as patents are shown in green. The ongoing recalls appear to occur on about a monthly basis with different individual art units being reviewed in a given month. All of the withdrawn allowances shown above had rejections after the allowance.

Many of the ongoing recalls also have hadand rejections. This pattern of ongoing recalls is expressly at odds with statements made by the USPTO that the recalls immediately after Alice were a one-time event.

The ongoing recalls further demonstrate how arbitrary the examination process is. I found the withdrawn allowances by using PatentAdvisor to identify applications that had a notice of allowance followed by a nonfinal rejection.

I then reviewed each case to make sure that the nonfinal rejection directly followed the notice of allowance without any intervening actions by the applicant e.Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state.

Case Report. Authors are requested to submit a powerpoint (upload instructions and powerpoint template in the Abstract Submission) and meet the following requirements: Max 7 slides; Introduction of the case (max 2 slides) Treatment and Complications (max 3 .

Green B, Johnson C. , How to Write a Case Report for Publication. J of Chiro Med ;72– Kienle GS. Why medical case reports. Global Advances in Health and Medicine ; Leung B, Seely D. Guidelines to case report writing for naturopathic doctors.

how to write a case series abstract

Int J Naturopathic Med ; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC). HOW TO WRITE A RESEARCH ABSTRACT Research abstracts are used throughout the research community to provide a concise description about a research project. If you are unsure which type of abstract you should write, ask your instructor (if the abstract is for a class) or read other abstracts in your field or in the journal where you are submitting your article.

Descriptive abstracts. A descriptive abstract indicates the type of information found in the work. No All Upper Case Abbreviations. When confronted with a situation where you could use an all upper case abbreviation instead use an initial upper case letter followed by all lower case letters.

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