In Portuguese, Brasil; its citizens are Brasileiros or Brasileiras depending on gender. A year later, Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci sailed to Brazil on a voyage commissioned by the Portuguese crown and returned home with a cargo of hard, reddish wood. The wood was similar to an East Indian variety called pau brasil, which was then popular in Europe for making cabinets and violin bows. Pau brasil brazilwoodthe first product to be exploited by the Portuguese in this new territory, is the origin of the country's name, Brazil.
Name of Brazil It is likely that the word "Brazil" comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwooda tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast.
Some early sailors called it the "Land of Parrots". This was the name the indigenous population gave to the region, meaning "land of the palm trees".
This area has the largest concentration of prehistoric sites in the Americas. The indigenous population of Brazil comprised several large indigenous ethnic groups e.
By the end of the 17th century, sugarcane exports began to decline,  and the discovery of gold by bandeirantes in the s would become the new backbone of the colony's economy, fostering a Brazilian Gold Rush  which attracted thousands of new settlers to Brazil from Portugal and all Portuguese colonies around the world.
Inin retaliation for being forced into exile, the Prince Regent ordered the Portuguese conquest of French Guiana. Into justify continuing to live in Brazil, where the royal court had thrived for the prior six years, the Crown established the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarvesthus creating a pluricontinental transatlantic monarchic state.
Tensions between Portuguese and Brazilians increased, and the Portuguese Cortesguided by the new political regime imposed by the Liberal Revolution, tried to re-establish Brazil as a colony. As the new Emperor could not exert his constitutional powers until he became of age, a regency was set up by the National Assembly.
These emerged from the dissatisfaction of the provinces with the central power, coupled with old and latent social tensions peculiar to a vast, slaveholding and newly independent nation state.
The Atlantic slave trade was abandoned in as a result of the British Aberdeen Actbut only in May after a long process of internal mobilization and debate for an ethical and legal dismantling of slavery in the countrywas the institution formally abolished. The early republican government was nothing more than a military dictatorship, with army dominating affairs both at Rio de Janeiro and in the states.
Freedom of the press disappeared and elections were controlled by those in power. The first was the Constitutionalist Revolution inled by the Paulista oligarchy. The second was a Communist uprising in Novemberand the last one a putsch attempt by local fascists in May Brazil remained neutral until Augustwhen the country entered on the allied side  after suffering retaliation by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italyin a strategic dispute over the South Atlantic.
Military dictatorship in Brazil and History of Brazil since Several brief interim governments followed Vargas's suicide. M41s along the Avenida Presidente Vargas during the military government.As being one of the few survivors of the Asian financial crisis, People’s Republic of China presents an impressive economic growth receiving.
This essay talks about the problem of unemployment in Brazil, which was observed in the country after the financial crisis of Unemployment rate is the. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Financial Crisis Essay felt this was an apt way to begin my report and analysis on the credit crisis and aspects which can help the world to recover. Although the quote discusses the US I feel this can be applied worldwide.
The economic crisis that has swept the world since has wrought havoc in national economies all over the world. As a group, one of the more particularly hard-hit groups of nations has been the Latin American countries of Central and South America.
And now it is a nation that wants some things very much.
In general, it knows what these things are. At home its people want continued growth, its leaders the stability that growth can buy.