Constitutional Convention United States Prior to the ratification and implementation of the United States Constitutionthe thirteen sovereign states followed the Articles of Confederationcreated by the Second Continental Congress and ratified in However, the national government that operated under the Articles of Confederation was too weak to adequately regulate the various conflicts that arose between the states. Although the Convention was purportedly intended only to revise the Articles, the intention of many of its proponents, chief among them James Madison of Virginia and Alexander Hamilton of New Yorkwas to create a new government rather than fix the existing one. The convention convened in the Pennsylvania State Houseand George Washington of Virginia was unanimously elected as president of the convention.
I submitted a proposal to a neighbor, who runs a daycare center, offering to sell her 5-gallon jugs of purified water for P30 each. About a week later, I received the proposal, which she had signed in the conforme portion.
I delivered 5-gallon jugs of purified water to her, plus one water dispenser, which is still being used in her daycare center. I sent her the bill, but she denied conforming with my proposal and insisted that no valid contract exists between us.
How can I establish her liability to me? When two parties come together and agree on the terms and conditions of their contract, such terms and conditions have the force of law between them and, thus, must be complied with in good faith ArticleNew Civil Code of the Philippines.
We, however, want to emphasize that not all agreements may be considered as valid and binding contracts.
Article of the New Civil Code expressly provides that there is no contract unless the following essential requisites concur, to wit: In the situation that you have presented before us, it may be said that your neighbor is liable to pay you for the costs of the commodities that you have already delivered to her.
Nevertheless, in order for you to effectively claim such monetary sums, it is fundamental for you to establish first the aforementioned requisites. We believe that you may be able to establish consent between you and your neighbor as to the terms and conditions of your contract.
You mentioned in your letter that she affixed her signature on the portion of the conforme of your letter proposal which was returned to you a week after it was submitted to her. You may utilize this to demonstrate her consent because, by affixing her signature therein, she accepted the terms of your proposal and, in effect, bound her and the daycare center thereto.
We deem that there is no question as to the object of your contract for it may be easily said that the supply of the purified water is the subject matter of your agreement. Lastly, on the part of your neighbor, the cause or consideration of your agreement is the delivery of the purified water, while on your part, it is the payment of the amount of thirty pesos P We hope that we were able to answer your queries.
Please be reminded that this advice is based solely on the facts you have narrated and our appreciation of the same. Our opinion may vary when other facts are changed or elaborated. Questions for Chief Acosta may be sent to dearpao manilatimes.The origin of 'Trusts' can be traced back to the ancient times when human motivation to do charity and dedicate property for charitable and religious purposes found its manifestation in the form of dharmashalas, annachatras, sadavarts, educational and medical institutions, construction of water tanks and wells, bathing ghats,implanting trees etc.
with the emergence of idol worship, endowments. Essential Elements of a Valid Contract An agreement must have the following essential elements to become a valid contract: Offer and acceptance The first step in creating a contract is an offer by one party and its acceptance by another.
The Family Code of the Philippines.
EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. Articles 1 – | Articles – THE FAMILY CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES.
July 6, I, CORAZON C. AQUINO, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby order and promulgate the Family Code of the Philippines, as follows.
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