Semicolons create a stronger break than a comma, but a weaker break than a full stop.
When both a city's name and that city's state or country's name are mentioned together, the state or country's name is treated as a parenthetical element. We visited Hartford, Connecticut, last summer. Paris, France, is sometimes called "The City of Lights. Hartford, Connecticut's investment in the insurance industry is well known.
Also, when the state or country's name becomes part of a compound structure, the second comma is dropped: Heublein, a Hartford, Connecticut-based company, is moving to another state.
An absolute phrase is always treated as a parenthetical element, as is an interjection. An addressed person's name is also always parenthetical. Be sure, however, that the name is that of someone actually being spoken to. A separate section on Vocativesthe various forms that a parenthetical element related to an addressed person's name can take, is also available.
Their years of training now forgotten, the soldiers broke ranks. Yes, it is always a matter, of course, of preparation and attitude.
I'm telling you, Juanita, I couldn't be more surprised. I told Juanita I couldn't be more surprised. You could think of this as "That tall, distinguished, good looking fellow" rule as opposed to "the little old lady".
If you can put an and or a but between the adjectives, a comma will probably belong there.
For instance, you could say, "He is a tall and distinguished fellow" or "I live in a very old and run-down house. Use a comma to set off quoted elements. Because we don't use quoted material all the time, even when writing, this is probably the most difficult rule to remember in comma usage.
It is a good idea to find a page from an article that uses several quotations, photocopy that page, and keep it in front of you as a model when you're writing. Generally, use a comma to separate quoted material from the rest of the sentence that explains or introduces the quotation: Summing up this argument, Peter Coveney writes, "The purpose and strength of the romantic image of the child had been above all to establish a relation between childhood and adult consciousness.
But be careful not to create a comma splice in so doing. Peter Coveney writes that "[t]he purpose and strength of. And, instead of a comma, use a colon to set off explanatory or introductory language from a quoted element that is either very formal or long especially if it's longer than one sentence: Peter Coveney had this to say about the nineteenth-century's use of children in fiction:Understanding Grammar (17) Using Punctuation: Commas to Enclose a Title.
Friday, February 04, Commas are used to enclose initials, a title, or names that follow a surname. For more business-writing tips, browse our blog or use the search box atop the page. Our online courses, at our sister site, Online Writing Training, are specifically created to help business writers, students, parents and teachers improve their grammar.
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As a rule in business writing, include the additional comma and become a “serial comma” enthusiast. It will avoid confusion every time. It will avoid confusion every time. Next, use commas between two independent clauses (i.e., full sentences).
In business writing courses, people always take sides on the use of commas with series. Known as the serial comma or the Oxford comma, this comma keeps us from running together items in a series.
Business Writing Tips; When to Use Capital Letters; Using Plain English; Best Tips and Resources to Improve Your Grammar See also: 7 Reasons Why Perfect Grammar is the Secret Weapon. Grammar is something that a lot of writers feel they either can grasp, or they can't. Commas .