After studying this unit, you should be able to: Understand the fundamental concepts of government, politics, and public policy. Understand how government, politics, and public policy are interrelated.
While the US Constitution clearly limited national powers, the 10th amendment was added as a further protection. Still, certain Constitutional loopholes have allowed for the expansion of the powers of the Federal government: The Interstate Commerce Clause — the national government has the power to regulate anything involved with interstate commerce.
Many events and viewpoints shaped Federalism over time. Maryland — landmark Supreme Court decision that established the supremacy of the national government — main architect of the decision was Marshall. Decided that the national government could establish a bank in MD and MD could not tax said bank.
Nullification — issue decided eventually by the Civil War — states could not declare acts of Congress unconstitutional. Dual Federalism — a popular concept early, but virtually extinct today. Grant-in-aid system — a way for the Federal government to compel compliance at the state level with Federal objectives in areas where the Federal government lacks authority.
Large federal surpluses helped states meet needs 3. Intergovernmental Lobbies — state and local government groups that lobby in WashingtonD. Typically, they seek more money with fewer strings attached. Unfunded Mandates — In the last few decades, especially recently, the Federal government has issued mandates to the states that do not include funding to implement them examples — mandatory background checks on firearm purchasers, many provisions of No Child Left Behind, Americans with Disabilities Act.
Many unfunded mandates stem from court decisions. Revenue Sharing ended in — free flow of money, no matching funds required, no strings attached. Categorical Grants — money for specific purposes only, matching funds often required 3.
Block Grants — general purpose money very loosely categorized with few strings attached — states given great latitude on how to use such money Ronald Reagan and subsequent conservatives have sought to change the focus of grant monies to block grants — success has been very limited.
There are several reasons it is hard to shift from categorical to block grants: Interest groups — individual interest groups often have less of a vital interest in a multi-purpose block grant.
Devolution — powers that have become Federal in nature devolving back to the states. Some push for this, but not much progress yet.Wilson, Chapter 4: American Political Culture Wilson, Chapter 7: Public Opinion Wilson, Chapter 8: Political Participation This unit looks at the variety of beliefs that individual citizens hold about their government, its leaders, and the U.S.
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Study Government Test Chapter 2 (Study Guide Questions) Flashcards at ProProfs - study guide Home › Create › Flashcards › Education › Study › Government Study Guide › Government Test Chapter 2 (Study Guide Questions The Second Continental Congress served as our first national government for 5 caninariojana.com Handcock was the.
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Every important vocabulary word from Government By the People, broken down chapter-by-chapter for quick review. Chapter 1: Constitutional Democracy;.