The presence of this tradition of an Indian King of the Indian-Meroites conquering the Scythians predicts that the Indian literature should record this historic episode. This prediction is supported by a Jaina text called the Kalakeharya-Kathanaka, which reports that when the Scythians invaded Malwa, the King of Malwa, called Vikramaditya defeated the Scythians.
Cultural Contacts with Egypt All through the ages the peoples of India have had active intercourse with the other peoples of the world. Since the days of Mohenjo daro culture, the Hindus have never lived in an alleged "splendid isolation. As a matter of fact, however, culture has ever been international.
The dawn of human civilization finds the Hindus as captains of industry and entrepreneurs of commerce. They were in touch with the Pharaohs of Egypt. The mummies of the Egyptians were wrapped in muslin which was imported from India. Hindu trade gave to the land of the Nile ivory, gold, spices, tamarind-wood, sandal-wood, monkeys, and other characteristic Indian plants and animals.
It is also believed that the textile craftsmen of Egypt dyed their cloth with Hindu indigo. Hindu ships brought the Indian commodities to the Arabian ports, or to the Land of Punt; and from there these were transported to Luxor, Karnak and Memphis.
Hindu commerce with the land of the Euphrates was more intimate and direct. As early as about B. The Assyrians also, like the Egyptians, got their muslin from India.
In fact, vegetable "wool", i. From the tenth to the sixth century B. Hindus brought with them apes, elephants, cedar, teak, peacocks, tigers, rice, ivory, and other articles to Babylon, the Rome of Western Asia.
It was through this Indo-Mesopotamian trade that the Athenians of the sixth century B.
A cylinder seal of about 2, B. In Southern India has been found a Babylonian sarcophagus. Hindu trade with the Hebrews also was considerable.
CKing of Judaea, was a great internationalist. In order to promote the trade of his land he set up a port at the head of the right arm of the Red Sea. He made his race the medium of intercourse between Phoenicians and Hindus.
The port of Ophir in Southern India is famous in Hebrew literature for its trade in gold under Soloman. It is held by Biblical scholars that the stones in the breast plate of the high priest may have come from India. The Hindus supplied also the demand of Syria for ivory and ebony.
The Hebrew word, tuki peacockis derived from Tamil South Indian tokei, and ahalin aloe from aghil. Cyril A Hromnik's Indo-Africa: The name Dasharatha is spelled Tushratta in the Hittite cuneiform script, which does not distinguish between 'd' and 't' very well. The Mitanni, who worshiped Vedic gods, belonged to an Indic kingdom that was connected by marriage across several generations to the Egyptian 18th dynasty to which Akhenaten belonged.
But how could an Indic kingdom be so far from India, near Egypt?
After catastrophic earthquakes dried up the Sarasvati river around BC, many groups of Indic people started moving West.
They captured power in Babylon in BC, which they were to rule for over years. The Mitanni ruled northern Mesopotamia including Syria for about years, starting BC, out of their capital of Vasukhani. A text by a Mitannian named Kikkuli uses words such as aika eka, onetera tri, threepanza pancha, fivesatta sapta, sevenna nava, ninevartana vartana, round.
Another text has babru babhru, brownparita palita, greyand pinkara pingala, red. Their chief festival was the celebration of vishuva solstice very much like in India.
It is not only the kings who had Sanskrit names; a large number of other Sanskrit names have been unearthed in the records from the area. This presence is sure to have left its mark in various customs, traditions, and beliefs. It may be that this encounter explains uncanny similarities in mythology and ritual, such as circumambulation around a rock or the use of a rosary of beads.
The Sphinxes of India In Indian art and culture the existence and presence of the sphinx as a mythological being has so far gone unnoticed and unrecognized. But through many years of research I have found that the sphinx plays a significant role in the arts and traditions of many temples in India.
And not only in the art, but also in ritual and legend.the impact of Ancient Egypt on Greek Philosophy against Hellenocentrism, against Afrocentrism in defence of the Greek Miracle Section 1 the influence of Egyptian thought on.
Anubis and Ma'at. Anubis is the Greek name for a jackal-headed god associated with mummification and the afterlife in Egyptian mythology. In the ancient Egyptian language, Anubis is known as Inpu, (variously spelled Anupu, Ienpw etc.).
Egyptian hieroglyphs (/ ˈ h aɪ r ə ˌ ɡ l ɪ f, -r oʊ-/) were the formal writing system used in Ancient Egypt. It combined logographic, syllabic and alphabetic elements, with a total of some 1, distinct characters.
and would not simply view them as a communication tool). Various examples of the use of phonetic complements can be. The Ancient Egyptian scribe, or sesh, was a person educated in the arts of writing (using both hieroglyphics and hieratic scripts, and from the second half of the first millennium BCE the demotic script, used as shorthand and for commerce) and dena (arithmetics).
The Lotus and the River. The flower so prolific in the imagery of both India and Egypt, grows out of the waters and opens its petals to be warmed by the sun: to be fertilized. The Sumerians first invented writing as a means of long-distance communication which was necessitated by trade.
With the rise of the cities in Mesopotamia, and the need for resources which were lacking in the region, long-distance trade developed and, with it, the need to be able to communicate across the expanses between cities or regions.