Some of these disparities have been among racial or ethnic groups, some among nations, and some among regions, continents, or whole civilizations. In the nineteenth century, real per capita income in the Balkans was about one-third that in Britain. That dwarfs intergroup disparities that many in the United States today regard as not merely strange but sinister.
As this form of organization which is based on parentage and marriage can be found in every human society, kinship system is of great importance.
Today, in modern industrial communities family structures are rather weakened because of the dominance of the market economy and the activity of social services.
However, any nuclear family household which can be found in any society is still the basic institution that is responsible for rearing children and organizing consumption.
In this case, kinship units usually serve as the main units of production, representation of political authority and even as religious structures for the worship of spiritual beings, who are themselves considered to be the members of the kinship system. Kinship systems in foraging and horticultural based societies provide support for people in all stages of their life.
Some experts consider that it is the basis of all social interaction. It is found that the kinship system of any particular tribe can control and maintain the network of interpersonal relationships in the tribe and direct its members in their interactions with other members of the tribe.
Moreover, Australian Aboriginal kinship is not only the system of law which governs social interactions, such as marriage, in traditional Australian Aboriginal culture, it is also an integral part of the culture of every Aboriginal group located on the territory of Australia.
As kinship is an integral part of the social organization, the tribal members are divided into several categories with special names used in each tribe.
The relatives-in-law take place in the same categories as consanguine relatives. The husbands and wives are related to each other as kin. In aboriginal Australia, classificatory kinship is used. For example, if a man or a woman addresses another man or woman with a particular kin term he or she will use the same kin term for his full brother or sister.
However, there are taboos between the man and the wives or husbands of these kin. The basic kinship in aboriginal Australia is the nuclear family. In some areas of Australia, for example in the Dieri, the provision of secondary wives can be found and in western Arnhem Land, the provision of secondary husbands can be found.
Its main peculiarity is that it is closely connected with nature. According to the traditional aboriginal belief system, nature and landscape are of the same importance as the Bible in Christian world. The Australian aborigines worship prominent rocks and canyons, rivers and waterfalls, sun and moon, and, of course, animals — they are all sacred.
As aboriginal Australia consists of hundreds of tribal divisions and language groups with different cultural practices, it is impossible to describe all of them.
However, it is easy to identify the main common features of their cultures. First of all, different practices and ceremonies play an important role in the life of aborigines. Secondly, the belief systems of Australian aborigines are based on spiritual values, including Rainbow Serpent, the main ancestral being, Baiame and Bunjil, the main creator spirits.
Besides, music and art are unique in aboriginal Australia.
For example, numerous ceremonies are conducted by certain kin members, one of them is Bora, an initiation ceremony when aboriginal boys become men. One more example is participation in music festivals when the Arnhem Land people only men play Yolngu. Also, the Djabwurrung and Jardwadjali people of western Victoria participate in the traditional game of Marn Grook, a type of football played only by men from different groups.
In our society, kinship also plays an important role. The Basseri of Iran At the same time, it is not only kinship that affects the cultural development of the society. In this regard, it is possible to refer to the Basseri of Iran, the tribe that has undergone considerable changes in the course of its history, especially during the 20th century resulting in considerable social, economic and political changes within the tribe.
The Basseri of Iran are a pastoral, nomadic tribe in Iran. However, today, the Basseri have started to change their traditional lifestyle, social and political system.
Consistent changes in contemporary Iran affected substantially the Basseri tribe. In fact, today, the Basseri undergo considerable changes that have already changed their role in the political life of Iran.
In addition, today, the Basseri undergo consistent social changes that affect the structure of their tribe and social relations with the tribe as well as the lifestyle of the Basseri. First of all, it is important to place emphasis on the fact that the traditional social system of the Basseri was grounded on tents.
A tent is a basic social unit of Basseri. The leader of the tent deals with the formal officers of the tribe, villagers and other strangers.
However, today, the tribes have disintegrated into small segments without powerful tribal chiefs Amanolahi,p.
Therefore, the Basseri tribe has started to fell apart since the first half of the 20th century, whereas today this process has become even stronger. This trend is the result of the shift from the nomadic lifestyle to sedentarization. The Basseri is a traditional, nomadic tribe but the Basseri were forcefully sedentarized in their summer and winter territories in Moreover several cultural features may be required to work together to achieve particular outcomes - and the adoption of any one apparently advantageous feature in isolation may not achieve much, thus inviting the view that there is something wrong with a particular race.
Australian Aboriginal Culture - Essay; Australian Aboriginal Culture - Essay. Words Apr 19th, 5 Pages. Introduction but it is estimated that there were between , and 1,, Aborigines in Australia when European settlers first . My trip to the Kimberley has rekindled my interest in looking at what might be the case in with respect to our Aboriginal people.
I’m using the ‘A’ word rather than ‘indigenous’, for two reasons. Sep 19, · Australian Aboriginal peoples: Survey of the history, society, and culture of the Australian Aboriginal peoples, who are one of the two distinct Indigenous cultural groups of Australia.
It is generally held that they originally came from Asia via insular Southeast Asia and have been in Australia for at least 45,–50, years. The Stolen Generations (also known as Stolen Children) were the children of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander descent who were removed from their families by the Australian Federal and State government agencies and church missions, under acts of their respective parliaments.
The removals of those referred to as "half-caste" children were conducted in the period between. Free Essay: Aboriginal History and Culture Aborigines are believed to have lived in Australia for between 60, and 40, years, their early ancestors.